Professional Reference articles are designed for health professionals to use. You may find the Temporomandibular Joint Disorders article more useful, or one of our other health articles. Mandibular fractures are common and may need emergency treatment, especially if there is any compromise of the airway. Dislocation of the temporomandibular joint can occur as a result of direct trauma but more often occurs as a result of excessive opening of the mandible, such as when yawning or during dental procedures. When a blow to the mandible causes a fracture there are often other fractures too and these must be sought:. The history may indicate the site and direction of force, the possible presence of other injuries especially to the neck and other relevant features such as loss of consciousness and head injury.
The mandibular bone is an important component of the facial bone, which has a unique role in digestive system, speech, and facial esthetics. For these important functions of mandibular bone, it is vital that surgeons should not only treat function but also consider the esthetics together. Mandibular fractures are among the most common traumatic injuries of the maxillofacial region. This chapter aims to describe the cause, clinical presentations, diagnoses, and current treatment methods on the basis of resent literature. Trauma in Dentistry.
Intraoral, open rigid fixation of noncomminuted symphyseal and parasymphyseal fractures was performed using a combination of 2 miniplates that were either a 4-hole or a 6-hole miniplate using monocortical screws. The miniplates were 1-mm thick with a 2-mm screw diameter. Eighteen patients 8. All patients in this series achieved bony union. The following complications were noted: plate exposure, 2.
General characteristics of maxillofacial apparatus and their classification. Transportation splints. Ligature binding teeth, indications, contraindications. Possible mistakes and complications. Injuries to Facial and Oral Structures.